PDF | The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is a book written by Sir Fredrick Lugard (the first colonial Governor General of Nigeria). It forms or constructs. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January – 11 April ), known as Sir Frederick Lugard . Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in and discussed indirect. Born to an English family in India in , Frederick Lugard rose to His The Dual Mandate, first published in , became a handbook for all.

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Views Read Edit View history. Language as ideology 2nd ed. He loves the display of power, but fails to realise its responsibility.

She argues that mandatr privileged position of this signifier presumed that the locus of “native” being was in the physical body and the efficient uses to which it could be put. In particular “our African dependencies” occurs six times.

Analyzing the construction of the character of a subaltern as predictable and timeless through the use of an ethnographic present tense, for instance, contributes to a higher level colonial ideology of imperial superiority and the need for the conquest of the subaltern. What the European colonial powers did in Africa in terms of annexations, conquests and subjugation of Africa were not any less ugly than what Hitler woke up and decided to do against his European counterparts and neighbors.


Lugard writes in a clear style.

Such in brief are the peoples for whose welfare we are responsible in British tropical Africa. Nearly all institutions related to the subaltern are differentiated with modifiers by the use of the lore ‘native’.

His is an intertextual build-up of both colonial mission and nature of the colonial subject. The binary is thus the presence of African culture translates into absence of superior civilization.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

Native Administration in Nigeria. First, there is a clear attribution of character shown with timelessness. In Northern Nigeria, therefore, Lugard found the necessary centralized political structure and preexiting taxation and court systems critical for indirect rule to work.

Lugard’s chief interest was education and he was largely remembered for his efforts to the founding of the University of Hong Kong in He loathed the educated and sophisticated Africans of the coastal regions. Time is here shown to be frozen and congealed with the black race. They vary in their mental and physical characteristics according to the amount of Negro blood in their veins, which has shown itself extremely potent in assimilating alien strains to its own type.

The case of Exotica Tibet. Indirect rule was thus less successful here. This in turn, he continues, often involves a covering of tracks: These issues, he further maintains, are sustained by impressive ideological creations that include notions that certain territories and people require and beseech domination as well as forms of knowledge affiliated with domination: The rest is largely darkness, like the history of pre-European, pre-Columbian America.


This can also happen in representation when you displace, reduce and dissimulate identities, sexuality, ethnicity and individuality into an omnibus like generic terminology.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard – Wikipedia

Head of Zeus Ltd. When you are known to be surveyed as in the prisons you tend to align your behavior to be in conformity with the expectations of the surveyor. Perhaps the most distinctive external characteristic— much more reliable than that of colour—by which the degree of Negro blood may be gauged, is the hair growth on the head and face, varying from the woolly head and smooth face of the pure negro, kandate the straight hair and bearded face of the Asiatic. This is achieved in the way the mission and perception of colonial interests are objectified and mystified at the same time.

To shield British spheres of influence from external intrusion, the British Foreign Office declared them as Protectorates. Hallargues that this discursive construction of showing nature and culture as the same is a tactic that serves colonial interests.

A I age of Afri a: He believed that “the typical African Indirect Rule in British Africa. The attempts of rulers to forcibly collect imposed colonial taxes bred discontentment in some parts of Yorubaland.

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