Echó de ver, que algunos Indios Huarpes, que viven de la Vanda Oriental de la Cordillera, en la dilatada Provincia de Cuyo, aunque trataban con los Epañoles, . diaguitas, los omaguacas, los atacamas, los comechingones y los huarpes. EN , INVADIENDO Y MATANDO A NUESTROS INDIOS. Constituye un aporte original al conocimiento del idioma huarpe como resultado de la .. El traslado de los indios huarpes a Chile fue en tal proporción que.

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Lengua Huarpe. Diccionario Allentiac – Español

Selection for increased narcotic activity has been especially notable in certain regions – in India, for example – where the inebriating properties had religious or magical significance or were otherwise valued. This potent hallucinating drink merits deeper study. Sincretismo de la imagen de santiago con dioses de los nativos.

Flourishing especially in disturbed, nitrogen-rich wastelands near human habitation, it occurs widely in temperate and hot drier areas of both hemispheres and seems to be unhappy only in the coldest zones and the hottest humid tropics. A description of my own intoxication indicates several points of interest: Furthermore, it is thought that often the concentration of the intoxicating principle in any given “race” of Cannabis sativa will decrease as the plant is grown in more northern, cooler latitudes.

The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

A number of species find use amongst primitive peoples as emetics. The cult of santiago among the indigenous communities of hispanic america: The Stephen Long Expedition in reported the Arapaho and Iowa using large red beans as a medicine and narcotic.

These effects are due to the freshly calcined lime. Nothing more is known of this curious custom. Sophora secundiflora Sophora secundiflora is a beautiful shrub – often planted as an ornamental in Texas – with leathery, evergreen leaflets and large inflorescences of violet or violet-blue flowers and woody legumes containing usually three or four beans.

Sophora secundiflora A shrub native to the dry limestone areas of the American Southwest and adjacent Mexico, Sophora secundiflora produces dark red seeds known as mescal beans, red beans or coral beans.

Botanists cannot accept true varieties within Cannabis sativa simply because they cannot define them; and even agricultural and horticultural specialists who often recognize them as true species or varieties admit that they are not stable.


This property of the plant has been experimentally substantiated. The pupils were strongly dilated during the first few hours of the intoxication. Years earlier, however, inUhle had concluded that “the extreme strength of the powder as described by Petrus Martyr, exceeding that of tobacco, decides its different nature and its Piptadenia character”. Races of unusually high yield of seed oil or of superior fibre have been developed which are either inferior in narcotic principles or wholly devoid of them – yet these races may grow in the same region, sometimes even in adjacent fields.

However, a fact of singular importance can be noted. Although the marked increase in smoking marihuana in the United States poses a variety of problems, much of the drug illicitly used at the present time in the country is weak in the narcotic principles, since it consists not of pure resin but of crushed leaves, twigs and tops of plants notably low in tetrahydrocannabinol.

Ginger family Zingiberaceae Kaempferia Galanga Vague information has indicated that possibly a member of the Ginger family, Kaempferia Galangamay be employed by natives in several parts of New Guinea as an hallucinogen.

The same Saint invoked by Spanish people during the conquest battles turns into a protector and defender for natives. An early report of yopo amongst the Otomac Indians of the Orinoco basin is that found in Gumilla’s famous El Orinoco Ilustradofirst published in There exists the possibility that, in some parts of Mexico, several species of Erythrina have been used locally as hallucinogens.

The rhizome of Kaempferia Galanga is the source of a condiment known as galangahighly valued in tropical Asia. The roots of the plant, which grows in the dry scrubby caatinga vegetation, are the source of the intoxicant. Undoubtedly the most important snuffing material was and still is tobacco, mainly from Nicotiana Tabacumand snuffing may well be the most widespread method, especially in the wet, tropical lowlands areas, of using tobacco.

In the ancient Indian Ayurvedanutmeg is called mada shaundameaning “narcotic fruit”. The effects of Virola intoxication vary, but amongst the Indians, they usually include initial excitability – setting in within several minutes from the first snuff- ing – numbness of the limbs, twitching of the facial muscles, inability to co-ordinate muscular activity, nausea, visual hallucinations and, finally, a deep, disturbed sleep.


Next, a powder of the dried leaves of an aromatic weedy plant, Justicia pectoralis var. These two species have yielded an alkaloid, mesembrine, which has sedative, cocaine-like effects, producing torpour in man. An early report, dating from aboutstated that Inca witch-doctors prophesied by contacting the devil through an intoxication induced by drinking chicha and an herb called villca.

Next, he snuff, s, whilst, with the same reed, he absorbs the powder into each nostril successively. Santiago, pues, es quien vigila para que este pueblo no se extinga. His powerful and martial image immediately fascinates the natives who take possession of this Saint transforming him from Indian-slayer into a protector of Indians themselves.

The centre of the use of Anadenanthera -snuff is, and probably always has been, the Orinoco basin, where it is widely known as yopo. One must remember that not one species – Anadenanthera peregrina – is involved but that there have been suggestions that other species of this genus have entered the South American snuff-making picture. It is not to be believed that the niopo acacia pods are the chief cause of the stimulating effects of the snuff used by the Otomac Indians.

The dioecious nature of Cannabis sativa – with separate ” male ” and ” female ” plants – constitutes an important consideration since it is believed that, under normal conditions, the narcotics principles occur only in the brownish resin found in the pistillate – not in the staminate – individuals. The vernacular name kanna now is applied in South Africa to species of Mesembryanthemum: Indioos in depth of its utilization in less developed societies should shed much light on some of the problems resulting from its use and abuse ijdios more advanced communities.

In Thebes, it was made into a drink with opium-like properties.

The binomial Cannabis indica is, however, frequently employed as though it represented a species-concept distinct from C.

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