Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Salomon, Richard. — Indian epigraphy: a guide to the study of inscriptions in Sanskrit, Prakrit, and the . RICHARD SALOMON: Indian epigraphy: a guide to the study of inscriptions in Sanskrit, Prakrit, and the other Indo-Aryan languages. xxi, pp. New York. Richard G. Salomon. Indian Epigraphy. A Guide to the Study of Inscriptions in the Indo-Aryan Languages. New York: Oxford University Press,

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. In herausgegeben particular, Schwarz has provided what are Romer: Osmanische Sultans- perhaps the best descriptions of two essential urkunden.: Untersuchungen zur procedures in the functioning of Ottoman Einstellung und Besoldung osman- government. The first of these is the process of ischer Militdirs in der Zeit Murads appointing cavalrymen to fiefs.

On the basis of his documents, Schwarz gives a very clear III. DM Klaus Rbhrborn’s conclusion that in the late sixteenth century the Palace came to exercise a The second Habilitationschrift ricuard the late-and much important issue is the process whereby the missed-Klaus Schwarz, is a close study of central government made payments directly from local tax-farms.

This was a means not documents relating to the appointment and only of paying garrison troops, but also of payment of Ottoman troops during the reign meeting many other items of government of Murad III Schwarz’s useful analysis of the process Istanbul, and represent various genres: So too will the names of the defterdars and havalepetitions arzorders to provincial facsimiles of their ‘signatures’ which Schwarz governors for the initial grants of fiefs, orders has tabulated.

In the end, however, what makes to grant increases in salaries and fief-holdings, and other miscellaneous documents. The work this work readable, rather than simply a work of reference, is the amount of interesting detail provides us with all of the documents in that emerges. For example, those of us who sa,omon, including endorsements where these have always imagined the life of an Ottoman exist, a full catalogue raisonne summarizing their contents, with the complete text in garrison soldier to have been utterly miserable, transliteration and translation of a representat- find our suspicions confirmed in the table where ive document of each type.

The work also has Schwarz shows the delays in the government a full introduction which describes the charac- ordering payment and the troops actually salomoon of each document type, and draws receiving the money. In one case inthis conclusions from their contents about the was 13 years and 9 months.

Indian Epigraphy – Richard Salomon – Oxford University Press

Klaus Schwarz died before he could com- process of administration in appointing and paying soldiers, whether they were fief-holding plete the work, and Claudia Rdmer undertook to edit the Nachlass. As expected, she has cavalrymen or garrison troops. In addition, it has a full bibliography, index, and maps performed this task impeccably. Oxford University Despite these drawbacks, the book is the best comprehensive introduction to the subject since Press, Sircar’s landmark work Indian epigraphy first published in The book is being recovered to date in India alone.


In many scrupulous in its attempt to include a compre- cases, inscriptions have formed the only reliable hensive review of existing journals, series, historical record that has come down to us. This book is an introduction to writing and scripts in Indian history as reflected This content downloaded from The author wisely major early figures such as Wilkins, Colebrooke leaves out the perennially disputed but still and Prinsep, explaining exactly how their work undeciphered Indus script from his discussion was pioneering, and later figures as well, and focuses on the history of Brahmi and its including Hultzsch, Fleet, Chhabra, Mirashi many derivatives as well as Kharosti, and and Sircar.

Landmark epigraphical publications numerical notations. Though it contains the are also mentioned. The seventh chapter of the familiar character charts, this chapter is not book deals with epigraphy as a source of the concerned principally with the palaeography of study of Indian history and culture. It reviews these scripts, but their development in relation the use of inscriptions for the study of political to epigraphy.

Indian Epigraphy

The author judiciously reviews and social history, literature, religion, art, the sometimes contentious debates about the linguistics and geography. The final chapter is antiquity and origin of the Brahmi script in a bibliographic survey of the range of publica- India. He synthesizes the debates admirably, tions containing both primary sources-pub- placing due emphasis on the important lished inscriptions–and secondary material work of recent scholars, most notably that of regarding the study of epigraphy.

Salomon ends with an appendix containing the texts, then traces the regional evolutions of Brahmi translations and illustrations of fifteen import- in north, central and southern India ant inscriptions. The languages of Indian inscriptions, including book’s strengths gichard in its judicious and well- Salomoon, mixed or hybrid dialects, Sanskrit, the documented handling of contentious issues in ‘New Indo-Aryan languages’, and a short the interpretation of early Indian epigraphy section on the non Indo-Aryan languages.

For later, less uncertain, areas of epi- graphy supersedes literary evidence in the graphic study it remains packed full of valuable reconstruction of the linguistic study of the information. The only drawback is the brief subcontinent. In this chapter Salomon culls treatment of south Indian materials.

Full text of “Indian Epigraphy”

Though together the evidence relating to the evolu- the author’s disclaimers to some extent absolve tion of diverse forms of middle-Indo-Aryan him of this omission, the work as a whole at Prakrits, through epigraphical hybrid Sanskrit times suffers from the absence of south Indian to the final emergence of Sanskrit as a ubiquit- epigraphy, not so much in its presentation of ous epigraphical medium by the fifth century.


Many Aryan ‘vernaculars’, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, of the pathbreaking methodologies riichard and others from the eleventh century. The inscriptions, like the statistical analysis of fourth chapter presents typological, material names in Cola inscriptions by Karashima, and chronological surveys of inscriptions in Subbarayalu and Matsui inxian the use of modelling Indo-Aryan languages.

Here Salomon reviews techniques to map the intensity of transactional the major types and forms of epigraphs– networks and activity spaces of medieval donative, memorial, eulogistic, cultic and liter- donors in Cola inscriptions by James Heitzman, ary; stone, copper-plate, and inscriptions on are left out of the discussion on the uses of other materials.

He then presents a general inscriptions in the study of history.

Such geochronological survey of important kndian studies, along with others using the south tions, beginning with the Mauryan period and Indian material, have become so important continuing through Sufiga times, the period that it is difficult to imagine the field of of the Indo-Greeks and Sakas, as well as the epigraphy without them. And given the sheer Gupta, the post-Gupta and Islamic ‘periods’, numbers of inscriptions in Tamil, Telngu and followed by a study of extra-Indian inscriptions.

Kannada, it is difficult to see how a book on The account describes the major features of ‘Indian’ epigraphy can afford to ignore these epifraphy from each period, citing specific studies. Then follows a useful chapter on methods of studying inscriptions.

Following the bhakti poets of North India. Curzon author offers an appendix on eras used in Indic Press, His information here updates Sircar’s treatment of the subject nearly 35 years With a uniquely formidable industriousness ago.

Chapter vi gives a brief overview of the which has now been sustained for well over history of epigraphic studies in India, a topic two decades, Winant Callewaert has been out generally treated as a sub-branch of the history in the field scouring the extensive collections of of Indian archaeology.

Salomon covers the Hindi manuscripts of nirgun bhakti texts which This content downloaded from Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Click here to sign up. Help Center Find new research papers in:

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