This article reconsiders the fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing in light of Carper. The first, empirics, refers to the sci- ence of nursing, and is “empirical. Carper’s ways of knowing in nursing, empirics, esthetics, personal knowing, and ethics, provide a guide to holistic practice, education, and research. The origin. Abstract: ​The goal of this article is to describe Barbara Carper’s nursing . Carper, who proposes four fundamental knowledge patterns that can be .. Source: Jacobs-Kramer M, Chinn P. Perspectives on knowing: A Model of Nursing.

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The body have been identified from an analysis of the of knowledge that serves as the rationale for conceptual and syntactical structure of nurs- nursing fundamenta has patterns, forms, and ing knowledge.

Such an understanding in nursing; and 4 ethics, the component of does not extend the range of knowledge, but moral knowledge in nursing.

Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. However, this is a matter to be a body of empirical knowledge specific to determined by research designed to test the nursing.

Clearly, there are a number would have been literally unintelligible. This shift is reflected in the the science of nursing. Adaptation is seen nursing practice. The knowledge gained by subjective an esthetic quality. Perhaps this is what tion, and unity of what is done in relation to is meant by the concept of nursing the whole the dynamic integration and articulation of patient or total patient care.


If so, what are the the whole. One gains abstracted universals. At the same time, it is perhaps the or understanding will be gained of alternate pattern most essential to understanding the modes of perceiving reality.

The nurse will meaning of health in terms of individual well- thereby have available a larger repertoire of being. The risk of commitment involved their own selves and the client is of primary in personal knowledge is what Polanyi calls concern in any therapeutic relationship. One does not rejects approaching the patient—client as know about the self; one strives simply to an object and strives instead to actualize know the self. An authentic personal 14 from complex organic wholes.

Such personal knowing entity, but constantly engaged in the process extends not only to other selves but also to of becoming. What to turn a unity into a multiplicity— choices must the nurse make in order to so it is with the human being to know another self in an authentic relation whom I say You.

These choices raise fundamental ques- tialist to the cybernetic, from the idea of an tions about morally right and wrong action information processing machine to one of in connection with the care and treatment of 17 p a many splendored being.

Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing.

Empirical seem to result in contradiction. The discipline of any given individual. Both goals and actions involve choices made, Ethics: The Moral Component in part, on the basis of normative judgments, Teachers and individual practitioners are both particular and general. Moral choices to be made must a state in which they are independent.


Each of these separate but none of them alone should be considered but interrelated and interdependent funda- sufficient. Caring for another requires it is valid, the kinds of data it subsumes, and the achievements of nursing science, that is, the methods by which each particular kind of the knowledge of empirical facts systemati- truth is distinguished and warranted.

Holt, new and unsolved questions. These new and Rinehart and Winston, With each change in the 8. Springer require looking for different points of contact Publishing Co. Concepts of of new patterns by which each connection Practice New York: McGraw-Hill Book modifies the whole.

Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing.

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2. The Structure of Scientific Concepts Basic to Chicago Press, The Logic of the Co. The World Publishing Co. Walter Kaufman New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc.

Harper and Row, Book of Esthetics, 3rd ed. Remember me on this computer.

Nursing: The Ways of Knowing – Excelsior College

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