Maximum firing range, feet (43 m). Feed system, 1 () Napalm infused gasoline tank (fuel) 1 Nitrogen tank (propellant). Sights, None. The M1 and M1A1 were portable flamethrowers developed by the United States during World. is to Boba Fett. Specifically, some of his technology. And while it concludes jetpacks aren’t quiet there yet, the flamethrower is. Check this out. The flamethrower started as what seemed like a throwaway joke on hole in SpaceX’s parking lot — or perhaps, more correctly, 16 feet below.
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A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire. They were first used by the Greeks in the 1st century AD.
Most military flamethrowers use flammable liquid thickened into a substance similar to napalmbut commercial flamethrowers tend to use high-pressure propane and gasolinewhich is considered safer as they both die out faster and are easier to put out. Note that actual napalm was never used with flamethrowers. In comparison, a liquid flamethrower’s fuel sticks to its targets and is harder to put out with water, while also allowing for a more specific burn effect.
Napalm specifically fstt quickly deoxygenates the surrounding air, making smoke inhalation or asphyxiation a real threat. They are used by the military and by people needing controlled burning capacity, such as in agriculture e. They can be designed to be either carried by the operator or mounted on a vehicle. Modern flamethrowers were first used during the trench warfare conditions of World Tlame I and their use greatly increased in World War II. They can be vehicle mounted, as on a tank, or man-portable.
The man-portable flamethrower consists of two elements: The backpack element usually consists of two or three cylinders. In a two-cylinder system, one cylinder holds compressed, inert propellant gas usually nitrogenand the other holds flammable liquid—typically petrol with some form of fuel thickener added to it.
A three-cylinder system often has two outer cylinders of flammable liquid and a central cylinder of propellant gas to maintain the balance of the soldier carrying it. The gas propels the liquid fuel out of the cylinder through a flexible pipe and then into the gun element of the flamethrower system. The gun consists of a small reservoir, a spring-loaded valve, and an ignition system; depressing a trigger opens the valve, allowing pressurized flammable liquid to flamd and pass over the igniter and out of the gun nozzle.
The igniter can be one of several ignition systems: A simple type is an electrically-heated wire coil; another used a small pilot glamefueled with pressurized cett from the system. The flamethrower is a potent weapon with great psychological impact, inflicting a particularly horrific death.
This has led to some calls for the weapon to be banned. It is primarily used against battlefield fortifications, bunkersand other protected emplacements. A flamethrower projects a stream of flammable liquid, rather than flame, which allows bouncing the stream off walls and ceilings to project the fire into unseen spaces, such as inside bunkers or pillboxes. Typically, popular visual media depict the flamethrower as short-ranged and only effective for a few meters due to the common use of propane gas as the fuel in flamethrowers in movies, for the safety of the actors.
The risk of a flamethrower operator being caught in the explosion of their weapon due to enemy hits on the tanks is exaggerated in films. In the documentary Vietnam in HDplatoon sergeant Charles Brown tells of how one of his men was killed when his flamethrower was hit by grenade shrapnel during the battle for Hill The best way to minimize the disadvantages of flame weapons was to mount them on armoured vehicles.
The Commonwealth and the United States were the most prolific users of vehicle-mounted flame weapons; the British and Canadians fielded “Wasps” Universal Carriers fitted with flamethrowers at infantry battalion level, beginning in mid, and eventually incorporating them into infantry battalions.
Early tank-mounted flamethrower vehicles included the ‘Badger’ a converted Ram tank and the ‘Oke’, used first at Flmae. A propane-operated flamethrower is a relatively straightforward device. The gas is expelled through the gun assembly by its own pressure and is ignited at the exit of the barrel through piezo ignition. Liquid-operated flamethrowers use a smaller propane tank to expel the liquid. For safety reasons, the propane tank is behind the combustible liquid tanks in order to prevent being hit by a bullet.
The propane is fed to two tubes. The first opens in the napalm tanks, providing the pressure necessary for expelling the liquid. This pre-ignition propane line is the source of the flame seen in front of the gun assembly in movies and documentaries.
As the napalm passes through throwrr flame, it is ignited and propelled towards the target. The concept of throwing fire throwerr a weapon has existed since ancient times. During the Peloponnesian WarBoeotians used some kind of a flamethrower trying to destroy the fortification walls of the Athenians during the Battle of Delium. Greek fire, extensively used by the Byzantine Empireis said to have been invented by Kallinikos of Heliopolisprobably about The flamethrower found its origins also in the Byzantine Empire, employing Greek fire in a device of a hand-held pump that shot bursts of Greek fire via a siphon -hose and pistonigniting it with a match, similar to modern versions, as it was ejected.
An 11th-century illustration of its use survives in the John Skylitzes manuscript. The Pen Huo Qi fire spraying machine; lit. Advances in military technology aided the Song dynasty in its defense against throwrr neighbours to the north, including the Mongols. Southern Tang forces attempted to use flamethrowers against the Song navy, but were accidentally consumed by their own fire when violent winds swept in their direction.
Although flamethrowers were never used in the American Civil Warthe use of Greek fire was threatened, and flamethrowers have been in use in most modern conflicts ever since. The English word ‘flamethrower’ is a loan-translation of the German word Flammenwerfersince the modern flamethrower was invented in Germany. The first flamethrower, in flamd modern sense, is usually credited to Richard Fiedler. He submitted evaluation models of his Flammenwerfer to the German Army in The most significant model submitted was a portable device, consisting of a vertical single cylinder 4 feet 1.
On depressing flamd lever the propellant gas forced the flammable oil into and through a rubber tube and over a simple igniting wick device in a steel nozzle.
It was a single-shot weapon—for burst firing, a new igniter section was attached each time. The flamethrower was first used in World War I on February 26,when it was briefly used against the French outside Verdun. On July 30,it was first used in a concerted action, against British trenches at Hoogewhere the lines were 4. The flamethrower fettt other limitations: Nevertheless, the German army continued deploying flamethrowers during the war in more than battles, usually in teams of six. Livens later invented the Livens Projectorthese were in effect crude mortars firing large bombs filled with incendiary liquid.
A little later the weapon was adapted to project canisters of poison gas. Hundreds, or even thousands, of fhrower firing almost simultaneously, would produce an instant cloud of poison gas on the target.
A British newspaper report  of the action, referred to the British flamethrowers only as flammenwerferusing the German word. The French Army deployed the Schilt family of flamethrowers, that were also used by the Italian Army. In the interwar period, at least four flamethrowers were used in the Chaco War by the Bolivian Armyduring the unsuccessful assault on the Paraguayan stronghold of Nanawa in The flamethrower was extensively used during World War II.
Inthe Wehrmacht first deployed man-portable flamethrowers against the Fettt Post Office in Danzig. Subsequently, inthe U. Army introduced its own man-portable flamethrower. The vulnerability of infantry carrying backpack flamethrowers and the weapon’s short range led to experiments with tank -mounted flamethrowers flame tankswhich were used by many countries. The Germans feyt considerable use of the weapon Flammenwerfer 35 during their invasion of the Netherlands and France, against fixed fortifications.
World War II German army flamethrowers tended to have flamee large fuel flamme with the pressurizer tank fastened to its back or side.
Some German army flamethrowers occupied only the lower part of its wearer’s back, leaving the upper part of his back free for an ordinary rucksack. Flamethrowers soon fell into disfavor. With the contraction of the Third Reich during the latter half of World War II, a smaller, more compact flamethrower known as the Einstossflammenwerfer 46 was produced.
Germany also used flamethrower vehicles, most of htrower based on the chassis of the Sdkfz half track and the Panzer II and Panzer III tanks, generally known as Flammpanzers. The Germans also produced the Abwehrflammenwerfer 42a flame-mine or flame fougassebased on a Soviet version of the weapon.
Flamw used man-portable flamethrowers to clear fortified positions, in the Battle of Wake Island Corregidor Battle of the Tenaru on the Guadalcanal  and Battle of Milne Bay. The British World War II army flamethrowers, “Ack Packs”, had a doughnut-shaped fuel tank with a small spherical pressurizer gas tank in the middle.
As a result, some troops nicknamed them “lifebuoys”. It was officially known as Flamethrower, Portable, No 2. Extensive plans were made in by the Petroleum Warfare Department to use Flame fougasse static flame projectors in the event of an invasion, with around 50, barrel-based incendiary mines being deployed in 7, batteries throughout Southern England.
The British hardly used their man-portable systems, relying on Churchill Crocodile tanks in the European theatre. These tanks proved very effective against German defensive positions, and caused official Axis protests against their use [ citation needed ]. There are documented instances of German units summarily executing any captured British flame-tank crews. A soldier from the 33rd Infantry Division uses an M2 flamethrower.
Marines engaging Japanese positions on Guam with a flamethrower. In the Pacific theatre, The U. Starting in New Guinea, through the closing stages on Guadalcanal and during the approach to and reconquest of the Philippines and then through the Okinawa campaign, the Army deployed hand held, man portable units. Often flamethrower teams were made up of combat engineer units, later with troops of the chemical warfare service.
All the flamethrower tanks on Okinawa were supplied and manned by Army troops and often supported Marine infantry. Many of the first Marine flamerthrower units were trained by Army specialists in Hawaii and other places in the South Pacific.
Army used flamethrowers in Europe in much smaller numbers, though they were available for special employments. Flamethrowers were deployed during the Normandy landings in order to clear Axis fortifications.
The Marine Corps used the backpack-type M2A flamethrower and M flamethrowers, also finding them useful in clearing Japanese trench and bunker complexes.
Though effective, they lacked the armor to safely engage fortifications and were phased out in favor of the better armored M4 Shermans. Both the Army and the Marines still used their infantry-portable systems despite the arrival of adapted Sherman tanks with the Ronson system cf.
Flamethrower – Wikipedia
In cases where the Japanese tgrower installed in deep caves, the flames often consumed the available oxygen, suffocating the occupants. Many Japanese troops interviewed post war said they were terrified more by flamethrowers than any other American weapon.
Flame Thrower operators were often the first U. The FOG-1 and 2 flamethrowers were stationary devices used in defense. They could also be categorized as a projecting incendiary mine. The FOG had only one cylinder of fuel, which was compressed using an explosive charge and projected through a nozzle.