Dec 5, Methods Essential oil was extracted by hydro distillation using clevenger region specific and practical strategy for the control of mosquito vectors. . Keywords: Coccinia grandis, Essential oil, Mosquito, Larvicidal, GC-MS. Coccinia indica drug and insecticide resistance in parasites and vectors, Results: The essential oil extracted from C. indica possessed excellent larvicidal . Jun 13, Keywords: Coccinia grandis, Essential oil, Mosquito, Larvicidal, GC-MS activity of essential oil extracted from the leaves of Coccinia grandis against region specific and practical strategy for the control of mosquito vectors.
|Published (Last):||22 November 2014|
|PDF File Size:||17.39 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.17 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The perennial vine C. It grows aggressively and can smother and kill It grows aggressively and can smother and kill native vegetation, including mature trees.
It is particularly invasive in Saipan and Guam Englberger, Adapted from Englberger and Muniappan et al. It has glabrous stems, an extensive tuberous root system and axillary tendrils.
The alternate, simple leaves have a broadly ovate, 5-lobed, by cm. The flowers are white, star-shaped with 5 petals. The fruit is a smooth, bright red, ovoid to ellipsoid berry, The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
In Fiji it occurs in cane fields, degraded land and road sides. It can also be spread by its tuberous roots and soil movement Englberger, The plant is used in medicine and as food and so is often deliberately introduced by humans Englberger, This has accounted for much of the long distance dispersal of C. Adapted from Muniappan et al.
As well as covering agricultural areas, C. Diaphania indica Saunders Lepidoptera: PyralidaeAulacophora spp. ChrysomelidaeBactrocera cucurbitae Coquillett Diptera: InidcaAphis gossypii Glover Hemiptera: AphididaeLiriomyza spp.
AgromyzidaeLeptoglossus australis Fabricius Hemiptera: Coreidae and Bemisia spp. In Hawaii, where it is naturalized, it quickly spreads through disturbed sites, smothering both trees and understory vegetation Muniappan et al.
The immature fruit and shoot tips are used in Asian cooking Muniappan et al. The plant is high in protein Addis, Very low concentrations of crude extract of Conrrol. Pulling plants and harvesting the underground tubers can be effective if done repeatedly for an extended period Englberger, Cutting and slashing is less likely to be extrxct as C.
Triclopyr can be used as a foliar spray Englberger,and in Hawaii basal bark applications of 2,4-D or triclopyr have been recommended Muniappan et al.
However, the overgrowing habit of the vines means that chemical coccnia are also likely to affect non-target plants, and finding basal stems in dense stands of C. Three natural enemies of C. The effectiveness of A.
Coccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)
For more information, see Muniappan et al. Dietary values of wild and semi-wild edible plants in southern Ethiopia. Ethnobotanical study of wild vegetables used by rural communities of Kannauj district, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 25 Invasive weeds of Pohnpei: A guide for indicaa and public awareness. Conservation Society of Pohnpei, 29 pp.
Ivy gourd: declared pest
Survey of invasive alien plant species on Gros Piton, Saint Lucia. Piarco, Trinidad and Tobago: Biological Control of Tropical Weeds using Arthropods [ed.
Cambridge University Press, Traditional medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes in rural and urban inaect of Dhaka, Bangladesh – an ethnobotanical survey.
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 9 Parmar Gaurang; Parikh Punita, An evalution of turbidity removal from industrial waste by natural coagulents obtained from some plants. Journal of Environmental Research and Development, 7 2A: Fxtract activities of Coccinia grandis: Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 3 5: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk.
Studies on respiration rates in Coccinia grandis ivy gourd at different temperatures. Journal of Food Processing and Technology, 4 4: Effective biological control programs for invasive plants on Guam. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Varalakshmi KN; Rao S, Comparative cytotoxic efficacies of five Cucurbitaceous plant extracts on HeLa cell line.
Journal of Pharmacy Research, 5 One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.
More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Datasheet Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd. Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness The perennial vine C. Don’t need the entire report? Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Title Invasive habit Caption Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd, tam lung ; invasive habit, on excavator.
Title Female flower Caption Coccinia grandis scarlet-ivy gourd, tam lung ; female flower and leaves. West Kuiaha Haiku, Maui. Title Fruit Caption Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd, tam lung ; ripe fruit. Sand Island, Midway Atoll. Title Seedling Caption Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd, tam lung ; seedling.
Naudin Cephalandra moghadd Asch. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page The perennial vine C. Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Description Top of page Adapted from Englberger and Muniappan et al. Distribution Top of page C.
Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. History of Introduction and Spread Top of page C. Habitat Top of page C. Intentional Introduction The plant is used in medicine and as food and so is often deliberately introduced by humans Englberger, Economic Impact Top of page Adapted from Muniappan et al.
Environmental Impact Top of page C. Social Impact Top of page C. Extact and Impact Factors Top of page Invasiveness Proved invasive outside its native range Has a broad native range Pioneering in disturbed areas Fast growing.
Uses Top of page C. Prevention and Control Top of page Mechanical Control Pulling plants and harvesting ccocinia underground tubers can be effective if done repeatedly for an extended period Englberger, Chemical Control Triclopyr can be used as a foliar spray Englberger,and in Hawaii basal bark applications of 2,4-D or triclopyr have been recommended Muniappan et al. Biological Control Three natural enemies of C.
Distribution Maps Top of fontrol You can pan and zoom the map. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd, tam lung ; invasive habit, on excavator. Coccinia grandis scarlet-ivy gourd, tam lung ; female flower and leaves. Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd, tam lung ; ripe fruit.
Coccinia grandis scarlet-fruited ivy gourd, tam lung ; seedling. Englberger, ; PIER,