Questa Norma viene pubblicata dal CEI nella sola lingua inglese in quanto particolarmente mirata a settori specialistici. La presente CEI image The Biodry device is in conformity with the safety requirements regarding exposition to electromagnetical fields, EN; ICNIRP, //CE, CEI 6. Control by local Authorities by using standards CE and and Article 14 of Law No. 36 a. b. Reference to Standard CEI Multiple frequency.
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A practical basis is provided for the selection of voltage and current tests to be applied in evaluating the surge withstand capability of 21-6 connected to utility power circuits, primarily in residential, commercial, and light industrial applications.
Biodry the Solution
The recommended practice covers the origin of surge voltages, rate of occurrence and voltage levels in unprotected circuits, waveshapes of representative surge voltages, energy, and source and impedance. Three locations categories are defined according to their relative position from the building service entrance.
For each category, representative waveforms of surge voltages and surge currents are described, organized in two recommended ‘standard waveforms’ and three suggested ‘additional waveforms. Questa Norma viene pubblicata dal CEI nella sola lingua inglese in quanto particolarmente mirata a settori specialistici.
Tali informazioni riguardano essenzialmente: La presente Norma EN specifica le procedure per la valutazione all’esposizione del corpo umano ai campi elettromagnetici prodotti dalle apparecchiature per la saldatura ad arco e definisce le condizioni normalizzate d’uso e le disposizioni di prova.
La presente Norma si applica alle apparecchiature per la saldatura ad arco e processi affini concepiti per uso industriale o non industriale. Sono inclusi le sorgenti di corrente di saldatura, i dispositivi di avanzamento filo, gli ausiliari,quali ad es. La presente Norma viene utilizzata congiuntamente alla Norma EN La Norma non si applica alle apparecchiature per uso domestico.
Questa Norma non fornisce misure protettive per persone che abbiano impiantati dispositivi medici attivi.
Biodry Technology | Soluzione umidità risalita |
La presente Norma specifica le prescrizioni particolari per la sicurezza di base e le prestazioni essenziali degli apparecchi ed accessori per la elettrochirurgia ad alta frequenza. Measurements need only be performed in frequency ranges where cdi are specified in Clause 6. Equipment covered by other CISPR product and product family emission standards are excluded from the scope of this standard.
It constitutes a technical revision. This fifth edition of CISPR 11 got a more transparent structure, introduces another set of particular limits for conducted and radiated disturbances of ‘heavy duty’ general purpose equipment of class A group 1 with a rated input power in excess of 20 kVA, in accordance with the needs of the industries and refers to the full approach in respect of the measurement instrumentation uncertainty specified in CISPR 16 4 4. Furthermore, any kind of ‘legal statements’ were removed from the normative main body of this International Standard.
The frequency range covered extends from 9 kHz to GHz. This edition constitutes the introduction of the RMS-average detector as an alternative to quasi-peak and average detector for conducted and radiated emission measurements. It includes such equipment as: Also included in the scope of this standard are separate parts of the above mentioned equipment such as motors, and switching devices relays power or protective.
However, no emission requirements apply unless formulated in this standard. The frequency range covered is 9 kHz to GHz. The limits in this standard have been determined on a probabilistic basis, to keep the suppression of disturbances economically feasible while still achieving an adequate radio protection. In exceptional cases radio frequency interference may occur, in spite of compliance with the limits.
In such a case, additional provisions may be required. The effects of electromagnetic phenomena relating to the safety of apparatus are excluded from the scope of this standard. This consolidated version consists of the fifth editionits amendment 1 and its amendment 2 Therefore, no need to order amendments in addition to this publication.
Deals with the electromagnetic immunity of appliances and similar apparatus for household and similar purposes that use electricity, as well as electric toys and electric tools, the rated voltage of the apparatus being not more than V for single-phase apparatus to be connected to phase and neutral, and V for other apparatus. It specifies the immunity requirements in relation to continuous and transient, conducted and radiated electromagnetic disturbances, including electrostatic discharges, for the above-mentioned apparatus.
Apparatus may incorporate motors, heating elements or their combination, may contain electric or electronic circuitry, and may be powered by the mains, by batteries, or by any other electrical power source. Immunity requirements in the frequency range 0 Hz to GHz are covered. This consolidated version consists of the first editionits amendment 1 and its amendment 2 Excluded from the scope of this standard are: This eighth edition cancels and replaces the seventh edition published inits Amendment 1 and Amendment 2 It is a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: The contents of the interpretation sheet 1 and 2 of june have been including in this copy. In addition, requirements are provided for specialized equipment for discontinuous disturbance measurements. The specifications in this standard apply to EMI receivers and spectrum analyzers. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published inand its Amendments 1 and 2 This main technical change with respect to the previous edition consists of the addition of new provisions for the use of spectrum analyzers for compliance measurements.
The contents of the corrigendum of October have been included in this copy. This consolidated version consists of the third editionits amendment 1 and its amendment 2 It has the status of a basic EMC publication. Specifications for ancillary apparatus are included for artificial mains networks, current and voltage probes and coupling units for current injection on cables.
It is intended that the requirements of this publication are fulfilled at all frequencies and for all levels of radio disturbance voltages and currents within the CISPR indicating range of the measuring equipment.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in and its Amendment 1 and Amendment 2 This edition constitutes a technical revision which includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: This part of CISPR 16 is designated a basic standard, which specifies the characteristics and calibration of the absorbing clamp for the measurement of radio disturbance power in the frequency range 30 MHz to 1 GHz.
CISPR has been reorganised into 5 parts, to accommodate growth and easier maintenance. Specifications for antennas and test sites are included. The requirements of this publication apply at all frequencies and for all levels of radiated disturbances within the CISPR indicating range of the measuring equipment. This third edition of CISPR cancels and replaces the second edition published in and its Amendments 1 and 2 This edition includes the following significant technical change with respect to the previous edition: Describes the methods of measurement and specified limits applicable to sound and television receivers and to associated equipment with regard to their immunity characteristics to disturbing signals.
This standard is also applicable to the immunity of outdoor units of direct to home DTH satellite receiving systems for individual reception.
Immunity requirements are given in the frequency range 0 Hz to GHz. Radio-frequency tests outside the specified frequency bands or concerning other phenomena than given in this standard are not required.
The objective of this standard is to define the immunity test requirements for equipment defined in the scope in relation to continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances including electrostatic discharges.
These test requirements represent essential electromagnetic immunity requirements. Test requirements are specified for each port enclosure or connector considered. The environments encompassed by this standard are residential, commercial and light-industrial locations, both indoor and outdoor.
The following list, although not comprehensive, gives an indication of locations which are included: Locations which are characterized by their mains power being supplied directly at low voltage from the public mains are considered to be residential, commercial or light industrial. This consolidated version consists of the sixth edition and its amendment 1 Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.
Procedures are given for the measurement of the levels of spurious signals generated by the ITE and limits are specified for the frequency range 9 kHz to GHz for both class A and class B equipment. No measurements need be performed at frequencies where no limits are specified. The intention of this publication is to establish uniform requirements for the radio disturbance level of the equipment contained in the scope, to fix limits of disturbance, to describe methods of measurement and to standardize operating conditions and interpretation of results.
This edition constitutes a minor revision. The object of this publication is to establish requirements that will provide an adequate level of intrinsic immunity so that the equipment will operate as intended in its environment. The publication defines the immunity test requirements for equipment within its scope in relation to continuous and transient conducted and radiated disturbances, including electrostatic discharges ESD.
For exceptional environmental conditions, special mitigation measures may be required. Owing to testing and performance assessment considerations, some tests are specified in defined frequency bands or at selected frequencies. Equipment which fulfils the requirements at these frequencies is deemed to fulfil the requirements in the entire frequency range from 0 Hz to GHz for electromagnetic phenomena.
The test requirements are specified for each port considered. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published inand its Amendments 1 and 2 The contents of the corrigendum of June have been included in this copy.
Only a complete vehicle test can be used to determine the component compatibility with respect to a vehicle’s limit. The receiver types to be protected are, for example, broadcast receivers sound and televisionland mobile radio, radio telephone, amateur, citizens’ radio, Satellite Navigation GPS, etc.
For the purpose of this standard, a vehicle is a machine, which is self-propelled.
Vehicles include but are not limited to passenger cars, trucks, agricultural tractors and snowmobiles. Annex A provides guidance in determining whether this standard is applicable to particular equipment. The limits in this standard are recommended and subject to modification as agreed between the vehicle manufacturer and the component supplier.
Friest – Strumentazione per misure CEM, Strumentazione EMC e Filtri RF
This standard is also intended to be applied by manufacturers and suppliers of components and equipment which are to be added and connected to the vehicle harness or to an on-board power connector after delivery of the vehicle. This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition published in The following significant changes were made with respect to the previous edition: The contents of the corrigendum of January have been included in this copy.
AC or DC supply voltage not exceeding V. MME intended primarily for professional use is within the scope of this publication. The radiated emission requirements in this standard are not intended to be applicable to the intentional transmissions from a radio transmitter as defined by the ITU, nor to any spurious emissions related to these intentional transmissions.
This document does not contain requirements for in-situ assessment. Such testing is outside the scope of this publication and may not be used to demonstrate compliance with it. The objectives of this publication are to establish requirements which provide an adequate level of protection of the radio spectrum, allowing radio services to operate as intended in the frequency range 9 kHz to GHz and to specify procedures to ensure the reproducibility of measurement and the repeatability of results.
The contents of corrigendum of March and August have been included in this copy. Esposizione dei lavoratori ai campi elettromagnetici.