The (CAARS) Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scales, published by WPS for clinicians, educators and researchers, can be purchased online. Description: The Symptom Checklist is an instrument consisting of the eighteen DSM-IV-TR criteria. Six of the eighteen questions were found to be the most. All participants completed the Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS)—self -report version (Conners et al., ). Responses to this item scale yield.

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Comorbidities and adaptive impairments. This lack of sensitivity and specificity caafs detecting ADHD in individuals with attention problems was underscored by the high percentage of participants with mood or anxiety disorders who produced cluster T -scores in the clinical range.

For these analyses ADHD was considered to be present even if it was not listed as the primary diagnosis; a mood disorder, anxiety disorder, or other disorder was identified as the primary diagnosis only in the absence of ADHD. However, our findings also underscore the importance of using the CAARS only as a screening tool or as part of a more comprehensive evaluation; the guidelines for diagnosing ADHD in adults remain ambiguous, and clinical judgment will necessarily continue to play a significant role in determining how best to interpret the presence of attention problems in adulthood.

To begin to address this issue, we are currently in the process of conducting factor analyses using a portion of this data set to examine how ADHD in adulthood compares to the child form of the disorder.

Reliability and Validity of Self- and Other-Ratings of Symptoms of ADHD in Adults

Both forms are available in long, short, and screening versions, all measuring a range of behaviors, including: My Account My Basket 0 items: Cluster scores demonstrated a poor balance of sensitivity and specificity in predicting ADHD diagnosis; a high percentage of participants with internalizing disorders had scores in the clinical range. This useful instrument provides both Self-Report and Observer Report Forms, permitting multimodal assessment of adults with attention problems. Suitable for clinical, research, rehabilitation and correctional settings, the CAARS scales quantitatively measure ADHD symptoms across clinically significant domains, while examining the manifestations of those symptoms.


In sum, this study addresses an important gap in the literature by using a large clinical sample to examine the reliability and validity of the CAARS as a measure of ADHD in adults, and it provides unique and invaluable information to clinicians as to how this tool can best be used to determine the presence and diagnostic relevance of attention problems. Would you like to purchase the product anyway?

Reliability and Validity of Self- and Other-Ratings of Symptoms of ADHD in Adults

As a second measure of convergent and discriminant validity, the number of symptoms rated as present on the CAARS was compared with diagnosis as determined by the clinician. Eight cluster scores are derived from these items. Merge will add to the items in your current shopping cart.

Convergent and Discriminant Validity Sensitivity reflects the proportion of cases in which the presence of the disorder is correctly identified; an index with a high sensitivity may be understood as having a low Type II error rate in detecting the disorder. Z -scores were calculated and compared to determine if significant differences existed in concordance rates between self-ratings and those of the three different groups of observers on each of the symptom-specific items. The different clusters that were assessed included: C Keith Conners.

If your required component is not listed, please contact Customer Services on: Second, participants were drawn exclusively from referrals to a specialty ADHD clinic, and thus they may have been more likely to identify attention problems among their primary complaints than individuals recruited from a more general outpatient psychology or psychiatry setting.

Symptoms were more frequently rated as present by patients than by observers; clinician ratings were variable, and did not appear to be more consistent with either self or observer reports across items.


Author manuscript; available in PMC Jan The findings reported here must be considered in light of several limitations. Ratings are given on a 4-point scale responses include: We then recalculated these percentages for those with both self and observer cluster scores in the clinical range to aehd the degree to which including collateral rating-scale data helped to specify the presence of ADHD.

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College-age participants were over-represented in the sample: On the other hand, the frequency ranking of symptoms was fairly consistent between self and observer. Normative data for the dahd forms were based on a sample of 1, nonclinical adults, while the normative data for the observer forms were based on ratings from spouses, family members, or friends of nonclinical adults.

Individual symptoms may not be highly concordant across reporters, and the attributions made about inattentive or impulsive behaviors are likely to vary among observers as well as across time and situation. Abstract Objective Few studies have examined concordance between raters of ADHD symptoms in adults; there is less information on how well rating scales function in distinguishing adult ADHD from other disorders.

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As such, it will be important for future research to examine the psychometric properties of self- and observer-reports for individuals in settings with a broader clinical base i. Whereas mean scores on self-ratings were significantly different between ADHD and primary anxiety disorder on four of the eight scales, there were no significant differences between ADHD adhx primary mood disorders on any of the self-rated scales.

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