Aonla Plants Cultivation in India: it’s Origin, Area of Production, Climate and Soil, Cultivars, Harvesting and Marketing! Family: Euphorbiaceae. Aonla or amla or. Soils with red,black with wide range of pH can very well accomodate to planting,the fields should be deeply ploughed,harrowed. Besides fruits, leaves, bark, and even seeds are being used for various purposes. The total area under Aonla in Andhra Pradesh is about 4,
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Aonla Emblica officinalis or Indian gooseberry is indigenous to Indian sub-continent. India ranks first in the world in area and production of this crop. The following measures need to be considered in order to boost production and marketing of aonla.
Aonla being a sub-tropical crop prefers dry sub-tropical climate. Heavy frost during aonka winter season is not suitable for its cultivation.
Cultivation of Aonla
The state-wise important growing belts are given in the following: Bilgiri Rangan hills in Mysore. Land is prepared by ploughing, harrowing, leveling and removing weeds. Aonla is propagated by budding or softwood grafting. Planting of aonla is mainly done in July-August.
Grafted or budded plants are planted meter apart under square system of layout during July-August or February. In each pit baskets of well rotten farmyard manure and 1 kg. In sodic soil, kg. Ber,guava and lemon are usually planted in the centre of each square of aonla plants.
Hedge-row planting is also being tried keeping line-to-line distance of 8 m. A dose of 10 kg.
Aonla Plants: Aonla Plants Cultivation in India
P and g. K should be given to one year old plants. This dose is increased on yearly basis upto tenth year and thereafter a constant dose is given. Cultivationn dose of farmyard manure and P and half of N and K is given in tree basin during January-February. The remaining half should be applied in August. In sodic soils, g. Irrigation is provided at an interval of days in dry summer. No irrigation ainla required during rainy and winter season. Irrigation is not provided during the flowering period i.
Plant height, canopy spread and stock girth have been found significantly better under alternate day drip irrigation over the conventional method. The plants are trained to modified central leader system.
Two to four branches with wide crotch angle, appearing in the opposite directions should be encouraged in early years. The unwanted branches are pinched off during March-April. In the subsequent years, branches should be allowed to develop. Regular pruning of a bearing aonla tree is not required. As per growth habit, shedding of all determinate shoots encourages new growth in coming season.
However, dead, infested, broken, weak or overlapping branches should be removed regularly. Paddy straw, sugarcane trash and farmyard manure are used for mulching. The average cost of inter cropping would be Rs. Fully developed brown coloured fruits are harvested. Delay in harvesting results in heavy dropping of fruits in case of some varieties. Harvesting is usually done during the early or in the late hours of the day.
Vegetatively propagated plants attain full bearing within years and may continue to bear for years of age under well managed conditions. An aonla tree may bear q. The fruits are harvested manually and sorted according to their size.
Fruits are graded into three types on the basis of their size. The large sized fruits are mostly used for preserve and candy; small sized for preparing chavanprash and trifla and the blemished fruits for powder and shampoo making.
Fruits can be stored for a period of days under ordinary conditions. Bamboo baskets are mostly used for carrying the produce from farm to local market. Most of the growers sell their produce either through trade xultivation at village level or commission agents at the market.
Major sources for technology are: The cost components of such a model along with the basis for costing and means of financing are exhibited in Annexures I.
A summary is given in the figure below. The project cost works out to around Rs. Cost of planting material. Cost of Labour Land preparation. Others, if any, Power.
Aonla/Amla cultivation/Amla Farming – Kisan Suvidha
Others, if any, please specify. This is part cost of tube well. This aonls average cost of one acre drip system for the crop inclusive of the aonls of fertigation equipment.
The actual cost will vary depending on location, plant population and plot geometry. For investment on improved manually operated essential implements a provision of another Rs.
This is to cover costs of land preparation and sowing operations, planting material, inputs and power.
The actual cost will vary from location to location depending upon minimum wage levels or prevailing wage levels for skilled and unskilled labour. The main aonlw are planting material, land preparation, inputs. In the initial years of development inter-crops will fetch a return of around Rs. The yield of the main crop will go up from 4 tonnes in year 1 of commercial production to cultivarion tonnes in year 5 and will stabilize thereafter.
The produce has been valued at Rs. The projected balance sheet of the model is given at Annexure IV. There would be three sources of financing the project as below: The cash flow statement may be seen in Annexure V. The profit and loss account of the model is projected in Annexure VI. Gross profit increases cultuvation Rs.
The term loan will be repaid in 11 equated 6 monthly installments with a moratorium of 72 months. The rate of interest would have to be negotiated with the financing bank. The viability of the project is assessed in Annexure IX over a period of 15 years. The IRR works out to The average DSCR works out to 4. On the basis of costs and returns of the model, the pay back period is estimated at 6. The break even point will be reached in the 3 rd year. At this point fixed cost would work out to Component Proposed Expenditure 1.